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petra sites:

Bab Al-Siq

The Dam

The Siq

The Treasury (Al Khazna)

The Street of Facades

The Theatre

The Nymphaeum

The Colonnaded Street

Great Temple

Qasr Al Bint

The Columbarium

Al Habis Mountain

The Lion Biclinium

Ad Deir

Viewpoint

High Place of Sacrifice

The Two Obelisks

The Lion Fountain

The Garden Hall

The Tomb of the Soldier

The Colored Triclinium

Wadi Al Farasa

Az Zantur

The Urn Tomb

Silk Tomb

Corinthian Tomb

The Palace Monument

The Church

The Temple of the Winged Lions

The Tomb of Sextius Florentinus

Al-Khubtha High Places and Cistern

Pharaoh’s Column

Umm al- Biyara

Al Madras

jordan - petra:

 

Petra was first established sometime around the 6th century BC, by the Nabataean Arabs, a nomadic tribe who settled in the area and laid the foundations of a commercial empire that extended into Syria. Despite successive attempts by the Seleucid king Antigonus, the Roman emperor Pompey and Herod the Great to bring Petra under the control of their respective empires, Petra remained largely in Nabataean hands until around 100AD, when the Romans took over. It was still inhabited during the Byzantine period, when the former Roman empire moved its focus east to Constantinople, but declined in importance thereafter. The Crusaders constructed a fort there in the 12th century, but soon withdrew, leaving Petra to the local people until the early 19th century, when it was visited by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.

 

Petra lies about 3-5 hours south of modern Amman, about 2 hours north of Aqaba, on the edges of the mountainous desert of the Wadi Araba. The city is surrounded by towering hills of rust-coloured sandstone which gave the city some natural protection against invaders.
 


The site is semi-arid, the friable sandstone which allowed the Nabataeans to carve their temples and tombs into the rock crumbling easily to sand. The colour of the rock ranges from pale yellow or white through rich reds to the darker brown of more resistant rocks. The contorted strata of different-coloured rock form whorls and waves of colour in the rock face, which the Nabataeans exploited in their architecture.